Posts tagged ‘linux’

CentOS 8发布

CentOS8发布,CentOS-8-x86_64-1905-dvd1.iso。

下载地址

Debian 10.1发布

下载地址

debian-10.1.0-amd64-DVD-1.iso
debian-10.1.0-amd64-DVD-2.iso
debian-10.1.0-amd64-DVD-3.iso

debian10

RedHat 8

下载地址

混合云智能操作系统
混合型 IT 是当下 IT 领域的大势所趋。但是,如果想要将传统数据中心到公共云服务的庞大生态系统打造成真正的混合环境,还需要满足更多要求—— 比如按需扩展,无缝迁移工作负载,开发和管理可随处运行的应用,只需一个操作系统就可以让这一切成为现实。现在,再加上涵盖所有有效订阅的红帽智能分析,它更能为您提供前瞻性分析和修复功能。这便是红帽 企业 Linux 8。

redhat82

redhat7.6版本发布(rhel-server-7.6-x86_64-dvd.iso)

redhat7.6版本发布——rhel-server-7.6-x86_64-dvd.iso。

下载地址

redhat7.6

Linux及类UNIX操作系统ISO镜像文件更新

Linux操作系统各版本ISO镜像下载(包括oracle linux\redhat\centos\ubuntu\debian等)”提供的Linux镜像文件一直没时间更新下,最近趁着有空,把一些有更新的版本下载下来,做个更新。具体更新的ISO镜像文件如下:

g:\ISO> tree /F
卷 文档 的文件夹 PATH 列表
卷序列号为 55B6-2EAF
G:.
    archlinux-2018.09.01-x86_64.iso
    archlinux-2018.10.01-x86_64.iso
    archlinux-2018.11.01-x86_64.iso
    CentOS-7-x86_64-DVD-1804.iso
    debian-9.4.0-amd64-DVD-1.iso
    debian-9.4.0-amd64-DVD-2.iso
    debian-9.4.0-amd64-DVD-3.iso
    debian-9.5.0-amd64-DVD-1.iso
    debian-9.5.0-amd64-DVD-2.iso
    debian-9.5.0-amd64-DVD-3.iso
    Fedora-Server-dvd-x86_64-28-1.1.iso
    Fedora-Server-dvd-x86_64-29-1.2.iso
    FreeBSD-11.2-RELEASE-amd64-dvd1.iso
    FreeBSD-11.2-RELEASE-i386-dvd1.iso
    NetBSD-6.1.4-amd64.iso
    NetBSD-6.1.5-amd64.iso
    NetBSD-7.0-amd64.iso
    NetBSD-7.0.1-amd64.iso
    NetBSD-7.0.2-amd64.iso
    NetBSD-7.1-amd64.iso
    NetBSD-7.1.1-amd64.iso
    NetBSD-7.1.2-amd64.iso
    NetBSD-7.2-amd64.iso
    NetBSD-8.0-amd64.iso
    OpenBSD-6.1-amd64.iso
    OpenBSD-6.2-amd64.iso
    OpenBSD-6.3-amd64.iso
    OpenBSD-6.4-amd64.iso
    openSUSE-Leap-15.0-DVD-x86_64.iso
    openSUSE-Tumbleweed-DVD-x86_64-Snapshot20181107-Media.iso
    OracleLinux-Release7-Update5-x86_64-dvd.iso
    OracleLinux-Release7-Update6-x86_64-dvd.iso
    rhel-server-7.5-x86_64-dvd.iso
    rhel-server-7.6-x86_64-dvd.iso
    ubuntu-18.10-desktop-amd64.iso
    ubuntu-18.10-live-server-amd64.iso

Oracle Linux破解root密码

一台安装Oracle Linux的机器root密码忘记,只能进行破解,重启服务器,按键盘的e键,进入如下图界面,再选择第二个内核选项,按回车

oraclelinuxroot1

在进入的界面,输入“single”,如下图,按回车

oraclelinuxroot3

回到引导界面,再按b进入系统

oraclelinuxroot4

进入系统后,直接输入passwd root,然后输入两遍新密码即可,如下图所示。

oraclelinuxroot5

接着输入init 6,重启系统

oraclelinuxroot6

使用新的root密码登陆系统即可。

oraclelinuxroot7

oraclelinuxroot8

Ubuntu Desktop开启telnet服务

默认Ubuntu Desktop的telnet服务没有开启,连telnet软件都没有安装,需要安装telnet软件并进行配置工作。

机器信息:

ubuntu05

首先完成软件源的更新工作,打开Ubuntu软件中心,如下图

ubuntu06

选择菜单栏的“编辑”->“软件源”

ubuntu07

在“下载自”中选择“其他站点”,如下图

ubuntu08

选择服务器,或者选择“选择最佳服务器”,由操作系统自己判断,如下图。

ubuntu09

完成源的配置后,会自动开始更新缓存目录。

ubuntu10

更新完,开始正式安装及配置TELNET服务,打开命令行窗口,首先切换至超级权限状态,再执行安装命令:

$ sudo –s  (切换至超级权限状态)
# sudo apt-get install xinetd telnetd

ubuntu11

接着配置inetd.conf文件,如下图,运行如下命令:

# sudo gedit /etc/inetd.conf

在打开的窗口编辑器中,输入telnet stream tcp nowait telnetd /usr/sbin/tcpd /usr/sbin/in.telnetd,保存关闭。

ubuntu13

再修改xinetd.conf文件,如下图,运行如下命令:

# sudo gedit /etc/xinetd.conf

在下图的红框中输入如下内容,然后保存文件。

instances = 60
log_type = SYSLOG authpriv
log_on_success = HOST PID
log_on_failure = HOST
cps = 25 30

ubuntu14

最后再编辑telnet文件,运行如下命令:

# sudo gedit /etc/xinetd.d/telnet

在弹出的编辑窗口中添加如下内容,保存文件。

service telnet
{
disable = no
flags = REUSE
socket_type = stream
wait = no
user = root
server = /usr/sbin/in.telnetd
log_on_failure += USERID

ubuntu15

重启网络服务,运行:

# sudo /etc/init.d/xinetd restart

ubuntu16

全部完成配置后,就可以通过WINDOWS的telnet程序来管理此Ubuntu计算机。

ubuntu17

Ubuntu Desktop安装VMware tools插件

在VMware虚拟化平台上部署完Ubuntu Desktop后,需要安装VMware tools,以得到更好的使用体验。

打开虚拟化平台该虚拟机的控制台,打开“虚拟机”->“客户机”->“安装/升级 VMware Tools(w)” ,如下图所示:

ubuntu01

完成后,在弹出的对话框中,双击VMwareTools软件包,再点击右键选择“提取”,开始解压缩

ubuntu02

解压缩目标选择/tmp目录,如下图所示。

ubuntu03

然后通过[ctrl]+[alt]+[t]按键组合来打开命令行窗口,如下图,再运行如下命令:

$ sudo –s  (切换至超级权限,密码为登陆用户的密码)
# cd /tmp
# cd vmware-tools-distrib/
# ./vmware-install.pl

ubuntu04

在弹出的对话框中一路回车,完成后,reboot重启机器即可。

Linux操作系统各版本ISO镜像下载(包括oracle linux\redhat\centos\ubuntu\debian等)

1、Oracle Linux(下载地址

(1)OracleLinux-Release6-Update0-x86_64-dvd.iso
(2)OracleLinux-Release6-Update1-x86_64-dvd.iso
(3)OracleLinux-Release6-Update2-x86_64-dvd.iso
(4)OracleLinux-Release6-Update3-x86_64-dvd.iso
(5)OracleLinux-Release6-Update4-x86_64-dvd.iso
(6)OracleLinux-Release6-Update5-x86_64-dvd.iso
(7)OracleLinux-Release6-Update6-x86_64-dvd.iso
(8)OracleLinux-Release6-Update7-x86_64-dvd.iso
(9)OracleLinux-Release6-Update8-x86_64-dvd.iso
(10)OracleLinux-Release6-Update9-x86_64-dvd.iso
(11)OracleLinux-Release7-Update0-x86_64-dvd.iso
(12)OracleLinux-Release7-Update1-x86_64-dvd.iso
(13)OracleLinux-Release7-Update2-x86_64-dvd.iso
(14)OracleLinux-Release7-Update3-x86_64-dvd.iso
(15)OracleLinux-Release7-Update4-x86_64-dvd.iso
(16)OracleLinux-Release7-Update5-x86_64-dvd.iso
(17)OracleLinux-Release7-Update6-x86_64-dvd.iso

2、debian(下载地址

(1)debian-7.8.0-i386-DVD-1.iso
(2)debian-7.8.0-i386-DVD-2.iso
(3)debian-7.8.0-i386-DVD-3.iso
(4)debian-7.8.0-amd64-DVD-1.iso
(5)debian-7.8.0-amd64-DVD-2.iso
(6)debian-7.8.0-amd64-DVD-3.iso
(7)debian-9.3.0-amd64-DVD-1.iso
(8)debian-9.3.0-amd64-DVD-2.iso
(9)debian-9.3.0-amd64-DVD-3.iso
(10)debian-9.3.0-i386-DVD-1.iso
(11)debian-9.3.0-i386-DVD-2.iso
(12)debian-9.3.0-i386-DVD-3.iso
(13)debian-9.4.0-amd64-DVD-1.iso
(14)debian-9.4.0-amd64-DVD-2.iso
(15)debian-9.4.0-amd64-DVD-3.iso
(16)debian-9.5.0-amd64-DVD-1.iso
(17)debian-9.5.0-amd64-DVD-2.iso
(18)debian-9.5.0-amd64-DVD-3.iso
(19)debian-10.1.0-amd64-DVD-1.iso
(20)debian-10.1.0-amd64-DVD-2.iso
(21)debian-10.1.0-amd64-DVD-3.iso

3、openSUSE(下载地址

(1)openSUSE-Leap-15.0-DVD-x86_64.iso
(2)openSUSE-Tumbleweed-DVD-x86_64-Snapshot20181107-Media.iso

4、slockware(下载地址

(1)slackware-13.37-install-dvd.iso
(2)slackware-14.0-install-dvd.iso 
(3)slackware-14.1-install-dvd.iso
(4)slackware-14.2-install-dvd.iso
(5)slackware64-13.37-install-dvd.iso
(6)slackware64-14.0-install-dvd.iso
(7)slackware64-14.1-install-dvd.iso
(8)slackware64-14.2-install-dvd.iso

5、CentOS(下载地址)提取码:26ti

(1)CentOS-5.11-i386-bin-DVD-1of2.iso
(2)CentOS-5.11-i386-bin-DVD-2of2.iso
(3)CentOS-5.11-x86_64-bin-DVD-1of2.iso
(4)CentOS-5.11-x86_64-bin-DVD-2of2.iso
(5)CentOS-6.4-x86_64-bin-DVD1.iso
(6)CentOS-6.4-x86_64-bin-DVD2.iso
(7)CentOS-6.6-i386-bin-DVD1.iso
(8)CentOS-6.6-i386-bin-DVD2.iso
(9)CentOS-6.6-x86_64-bin-DVD1.iso
(10)CentOS-6.6-x86_64-bin-DVD2.iso
(11)CentOS-6.9-i386-bin-DVD1.iso
(12)CentOS-6.9-i386-bin-DVD2.iso
(13)CentOS-6.9-x86_64-bin-DVD1.iso
(14)CentOS-6.9-x86_64-bin-DVD2.iso
(15)CentOS-7.0-1406-x86_64-DVD.iso
(16)CentOS-7-x86_64-DVD-1708.iso
(17)CentOS-7-x86_64-DVD-1804.iso
(18)CentOS-7-x86_64-DVD-1810.iso
(19)CentOS-8-x86_64-1905-dvd1.iso

6、Fedora(下载地址

(1)Fedora-19-i386-DVD.iso
(2)Fedora-19-x86_64-DVD.iso
(3)Fedora-20-x86_64-DVD.iso
(4)Fedora-Server-dvd-i386-25-1.3.iso
(5)Fedora-Server-dvd-x86_64-25-1.3.iso
(6)Fedora-Server-dvd-x86_64-26-1.5.iso
(7)Fedora-Server-dvd-x86_64-27-1.6.iso
(8)Fedora-Server-dvd-x86_64-28-1.1.iso
(9)Fedora-Server-dvd-x86_64-29-1.2.iso

7、RedHat(下载地址)提取码:sayz

(1)rhel-server-5.1-i386-dvd.iso
(2)rhel-server-5.1-x86_64-dvd.iso
(3)rhel-server-5.2-i386-dvd.iso
(4)rhel-server-5.2-x86_64-dvd.iso
(5)rhel-server-5.3-i386-dvd.iso
(6)rhel-server-5.3-x86_64-dvd.iso
(7)rhel-server-5.4-i386-dvd.iso
(8)rhel-server-5.4-x86_64-dvd.iso
(9)rhel-server-5.5-i386-dvd.iso
(10)rhel-server-5.5-x86_64-dvd.iso
(11)rhel-server-5.6-i386-dvd.iso
(12)rhel-server-5.6-x86_64-dvd.iso
(13)rhel-server-5.7-i386-dvd.iso
(14)rhel-server-5.7-x86_64-dvd.iso
(15)rhel-server-5.8-i386-dvd.iso
(16)rhel-server-5.8-x86_64-dvd.iso
(17)rhel-server-5.9-i386-dvd.iso
(18)rhel-server-5.9-x86_64-dvd.iso
(19)rhel-server-5.10-i386-dvd.iso
(20)rhel-server-5.10-x86_64-dvd.iso
(21)rhel-server-5.11-i386-dvd.iso
(22)rhel-server-5.11-x86_64-dvd.iso
(23)rhel-server-6.0-i386-dvd.iso
(24)rhel-server-6.0-x86_64-dvd.iso
(25)rhel-server-6.1-i386-dvd.iso
(26)rhel-server-6.1-x86_64-dvd.iso
(27)rhel-server-6.2-i386-dvd.iso
(28)rhel-server-6.2-x86_64-dvd.iso
(29)rhel-server-6.3-i386-dvd.iso
(30)rhel-server-6.3-x86_64-dvd.iso
(31)rhel-server-6.4-i386-dvd.iso
(32)rhel-server-6.4-x86_64-dvd.iso
(33)rhel-server-6.5-i386-dvd.iso
(34)rhel-server-6.5-x86_64-dvd.iso
(35)rhel-server-6.6-i386-dvd.iso
(36)rhel-server-6.6-x86_64-dvd.iso
(37)rhel-server-6.7-i386-dvd.iso
(38)rhel-server-6.7-x86_64-dvd.iso
(39)rhel-server-6.8-i386-dvd.iso
(40)rhel-server-6.8-x86_64-dvd.iso
(41)rhel-server-6.9-i386-dvd.iso
(42)rhel-server-6.9-x86_64-dvd.iso
(43)rhel-server-7.0-x86_64-dvd.iso
(44)rhel-server-7.1-x86_64-dvd.iso
(45)rhel-server-7.2-x86_64-dvd.iso
(46)rhel-server-7.3-x86_64-dvd.iso
(47)rhel-server-7.4-x86_64-dvd.iso
(48)rhel-server-7.5-x86_64-dvd.iso
(49)rhel-server-7.6-x86_64-dvd.iso
(50)rhel-server-7.7-x86_64-dvd.iso
(51)rhel-8.0-x86_64-dvd.iso

8、ubuntu(下载地址

(1)ubuntu-11.04-desktop-i386.iso
(2)ubuntu-12.04.4-server-i386.iso
(3)ubuntu-12.04.4-server-amd64.iso
(4)ubuntu-14.04.1-server-amd64.iso
(5)ubuntu-14.04.1-desktop-amd64.iso
(6)ubuntu-16.04.3-server-amd64.iso
(7)ubuntu-16.04.3-server-i386.iso
(8)ubuntu-17.10.1-server-amd64.iso
(9)ubuntu-18.10-live-server-amd64.iso
(10)ubuntu-18.10-desktop-amd64.iso

9、FreeBSD(下载地址

(1)FreeBSD-9.3-RELEASE-amd64-dvd1.iso
(2)FreeBSD-9.3-RELEASE-i386-dvd1.iso
(3)FreeBSD-10.1-RELEASE-amd64-dvd1.iso
(4)FreeBSD-10.1-RELEASE-i386-dvd1.iso
(5)FreeBSD-10.2-RELEASE-amd64-dvd1.iso
(6)FreeBSD-10.2-RELEASE-i386-dvd1.iso
(7)FreeBSD-10.3-RELEASE-amd64-dvd1.iso
(8)FreeBSD-10.3-RELEASE-i386-dvd1.iso
(9)FreeBSD-10.4-RELEASE-amd64-dvd1.iso
(10)FreeBSD-10.4-RELEASE-i386-dvd1.iso
(11)FreeBSD-11.0-RELEASE-amd64-dvd1.iso
(12)FreeBSD-11.0-RELEASE-i386-dvd1.iso
(13)FreeBSD-11.1-RELEASE-amd64-dvd1.iso
(14)FreeBSD-11.1-RELEASE-i386-dvd1.iso
(15)FreeBSD-11.2-RELEASE-amd64-dvd1.iso
(16)FreeBSD-11.2-RELEASE-i386-dvd1.iso

10、NetBSD(下载地址

(1)NetBSD-6.1.4-amd64.iso
(2)NetBSD-6.1.5-amd64.iso
(3)NetBSD-7.0-amd64.iso
(4)NetBSD-7.0.1-amd64.iso
(5)NetBSD-7.0.2-amd64.iso
(6)NetBSD-7.1-amd64.iso
(7)NetBSD-7.1.1-amd64.iso
(8)NetBSD-7.1.2-amd64.iso
(9)NetBSD-7.2-amd64.iso
(10)NetBSD-8.0-amd64.iso

11、OpenBSD(下载地址

(1)OpenBSD-6.1-amd64.iso
(2)OpenBSD-6.2-amd64.iso
(3)OpenBSD-6.3-amd64.iso
(4)OpenBSD-6.4-amd64.iso

12、archlinux(下载地址

(1)archlinux-2017.11.01-x86_64.iso
(2)archlinux-2017.12.01-x86_64.iso
(3)archlinux-2018.01.01-x86_64.iso
(4)archlinux-2018.09.01-x86_64.iso
(5)archlinux-2018.10.01-x86_64.iso
(6)archlinux-2018.11.01-x86_64.iso

13、gentoo(下载地址

(1)livedvd-amd64-hardened-nomultilib-20170118.iso
(2)livedvd-x86-amd64-32ul-20160704.iso


RHCS错误:[3652]: ASEHAagent: The directory '/disk2/sybase/ASE15_0' doesn't exist.

完成LINUX双机热备RHCS后启动时出现错误,不能正常启动。查看/var/log/messages,错误如下:

Sep 24 21:36:38 node1 clurgmgrd[3113]: <notice> Starting stopped service service:sv_sybase
Sep 24 21:36:39 node1 avahi-daemon[2205]: Registering new address record for 192.168.1.210 on eth0.
Sep 24 21:36:39 node1 fenced[3015]: fencing node “node2”
Sep 24 21:36:39 node1 fenced[3015]: fence “node2” failed
Sep 24 21:36:40 node1 kernel: kjournald starting. Commit interval 5 seconds
Sep 24 21:36:40 node1 kernel: EXT3 FS on sdb, internal journal
Sep 24 21:36:40 node1 kernel: EXT3-fs: mounted filesystem with ordered data mode.
Sep 24 21:36:41 node1 bash: [3652]: <err> ASEHAagent: The directory ‘/disk2/sybase/ASE15_0’ doesn’t exist.
Sep 24 21:36:41 node1 clurgmgrd: [3113]: <err> script:script_sybase: start of /usr/share/cluster/ASEHAagent.sh failed (returned 1)
Sep 24 21:36:41 node1 clurgmgrd[3113]: <notice> start on script “script_sybase” returned 1 (generic error)
Sep 24 21:36:41 node1 clurgmgrd[3113]: <warning> #68: Failed to start service:sv_sybase; return value: 1
Sep 24 21:36:41 node1 clurgmgrd[3113]: <notice> Stopping service service:sv_sybase

显示不能找到/disk2/sybase/ASE15_0目录。但在安装sybase时目录应该是/disk2/sybase/ASE-15_0。

立即到/usr/share/cluster下查看ASEHAagent.sh中定义的变量,如下,发现sybase_ase和sybase_ocs的变量名中都少了个“-”。

sybase_home=”/disk2/sybase”
sybase_ase=”ASE15_0″
sybase_ocs=”OCS15_0″
server_name=”sybase”
login_file=”/disk2/sybase/login_file”
interfaces_file=”/disk2/sybase/interfaces”
sybase_user=”sybase”
shutdown_timeout=30
start_timeout=30
deep_probe_timeout=30
RUNSERVER_SCRIPT=$sybase_home/$sybase_ase/install/RUN_$server_name
CONSOLE_LOG=$sybase_home/$sybase_ase/install/$server_name.log

立即将它修改成如下内容:

sybase_ase=”ASE-15_0″
sybase_ocs=”OCS-15_0″

然后再执行启动双机,可以正常启动。