Posts tagged ‘运维管理’

Centos8上试用开源堡垒机Jumpserver 1.5.6(八):创建用户时使用密码链接并发邮件给用户功能

===================================================================

开源堡垒机Jumpserver安装/配置系列:

1、Centos8上试用开源堡垒机Jumpserver 1.5.6(一):堡垒机概述
2、Centos8上试用开源堡垒机Jumpserver 1.5.6(二):安装Centos8(CentOS-8.1.1911-x86_64-dvd1.iso)
3、Centos8上试用开源堡垒机Jumpserver 1.5.6(三):在Centos8上安装Jumpserver
4、Centos8上试用开源堡垒机Jumpserver 1.5.6(四):添加被管资源与运维帐户权限分配
5、Centos8上试用开源堡垒机Jumpserver 1.5.6(五):通过堡垒机进行运维管理
6、Centos8上试用开源堡垒机Jumpserver 1.5.6(六):试用批量命令和命令过滤功能
7、Centos8上试用开源堡垒机Jumpserver 1.5.6(七):服务器重启后的恢复操作(手工启动jumpserver等程序)
8、Centos8上试用开源堡垒机Jumpserver 1.5.6(八):创建用户时使用密码链接并发邮件给用户功能

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Jumpserver在创建用户时密码策略支持“生成重置密码链接,通过邮件发送给用户”功能,如下图所示,用户收到邮件后,直接修改成自己的密码即可

jumpserver0221_51

需要启用此功能,需要进行相关设置,具体操作如下:

进入“系统设置”->“基本设置”,在当前站点URL中输入访问地址http://192.168.10.216,Email主题前缀设置为“你好,”,如下图所示

jumpserver0221_52

设置“邮件设置”,如下图,需要配置SMTP主机、端口、账号等

jumpserver0221_53

本案例使用126邮箱,登陆126邮箱,进入设置->POP3/SMTP/IMAP,开启SMTP服务,SMTP地址为smtp.126.com,如下图所示

jumpserver0221_54

服务器地址:
POP3服务器: pop.126.com
SMTP服务器: smtp.126.com
IMAP服务器: imap.126.com

jumpserver0221_56

126邮箱对第三方邮件客户端提供POP3\SMTP\IMAP有授权码要求,开启授权码,如下图

jumpserver0221_55

126邮箱设置好后,开始进行邮件设置

SMTP主机:smtp.126.com
SMTP端口:465
SMTP账号:funpower@126.com
SMTP密码:********
发送账号:funpower@126.com
测试收件人:funpower@qq.com
使用SSL:启用SSL,端口465

如下图,输入内容后点击“测试链接”,显示已发送邮件后,点击“提交”保存。

jumpserver0221_57

点击测试连接,右上角出现已发送消息,如下图

jumpserver0221_58

邮件中收到了TEST测试邮件,说明邮件设置正确。

jumpserver0221_59

接着完成“邮件内容设置”,如下图

jumpserver0221_60

最后,重启服务器,确保设置生效。

进入创建用户界面,输入用户相关信息,在密码策略中选择“生成重置密码链接,通过邮件发送给用户”,点“提交”按扭,如下图所示

jumpserver0221_61

点提交后,正常会收到一封用户创建成功的信,点击信中的密码链接进行密码重置,如下图

jumpserver0221_62

重置,设置新密码

jumpserver0221_63

使用新设置的密码进入管理系统

jumpserver0221_64

至此,创建用户完成。

Centos8上试用开源堡垒机Jumpserver 1.5.6(七):服务器重启后的恢复操作(手工启动jumpserver等程序)

===================================================================

开源堡垒机Jumpserver安装/配置系列:

1、Centos8上试用开源堡垒机Jumpserver 1.5.6(一):堡垒机概述
2、Centos8上试用开源堡垒机Jumpserver 1.5.6(二):安装Centos8(CentOS-8.1.1911-x86_64-dvd1.iso)
3、Centos8上试用开源堡垒机Jumpserver 1.5.6(三):在Centos8上安装Jumpserver
4、Centos8上试用开源堡垒机Jumpserver 1.5.6(四):添加被管资源与运维帐户权限分配
5、Centos8上试用开源堡垒机Jumpserver 1.5.6(五):通过堡垒机进行运维管理
6、Centos8上试用开源堡垒机Jumpserver 1.5.6(六):试用批量命令和命令过滤功能
7、Centos8上试用开源堡垒机Jumpserver 1.5.6(七):服务器重启后的恢复操作(手工启动jumpserver等程序)
8、Centos8上试用开源堡垒机Jumpserver 1.5.6(八):创建用户时使用密码链接并发邮件给用户功能

===================================================================

服务器出现硬件故障或维护等原因需要关闭或重启jumpserver服务器,而重启后,由于一些程序不是开机自动启动,需要手工,具体重启后恢复操作如下:

1、检查防火墙及SELinux状态

正常在安装时这两个功能为关闭状态,检查是否为关闭状态:

[root@localhost ~]# getenforce
Disabled
[root@localhost ~]#
[root@localhost ~]# firewall-cmd –state
not running
[root@localhost ~]#
[root@localhost ~]#

jumpserver0221_38

如上所示,检查都为关闭状态。

2、检查redis、mariadb、nginx启动状态

由于redis、mariadb、nginx这三个程序在安装时是启用开机自启动模式,故正常应该都为运行状态,检查如下:

[root@localhost ~]# systemctl status redis
鈼[0m redis.service – Redis persistent key-value database
   Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/redis.service; enabled; vendor preset: disabled)
  Drop-In: /etc/systemd/system/redis.service.d
           鈹斺攢limit.conf
    Active: active (running) since Sat 2020-02-22 06:58:41 CST; 18min ago
  Main PID: 1300 (redis-server)
    Tasks: 4 (limit: 26213)
   Memory: 10.4M
   CGroup: /system.slice/redis.service
            鈹斺攢1300 /usr/bin/redis-server 127.0.0.1:6379

Feb 22 06:58:41 localhost.localdomain systemd[1]: Starting Redis persistent key-value database…
Feb 22 06:58:41 localhost.localdomain systemd[1]: Started Redis persistent key-value database.
[root@localhost ~]#
[root@localhost ~]# systemctl status mariadb
鈼[0m mariadb.service – MariaDB 10.3 database server
   Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/mariadb.service; enabled; vendor preset: disabled)
   Active: active (running) since Sat 2020-02-22 06:58:44 CST; 18min ago
     Docs: man:mysqld(8)
           https://mariadb.com/kb/en/library/systemd/
  Process: 1714 ExecStartPost=/usr/libexec/mysql-check-upgrade (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS)
  Process: 1344 ExecStartPre=/usr/libexec/mysql-prepare-db-dir mariadb.service (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS)
  Process: 1299 ExecStartPre=/usr/libexec/mysql-check-socket (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS)
  Main PID: 1414 (mysqld)
   Status: "Taking your SQL requests now…"
    Tasks: 30 (limit: 26213)
   Memory: 122.4M
   CGroup: /system.slice/mariadb.service
           鈹斺攢1414 /usr/libexec/mysqld –basedir=/usr

Feb 22 06:58:41 localhost.localdomain systemd[1]: Starting MariaDB 10.3 database server…
Feb 22 06:58:42 localhost.localdomain mysql-prepare-db-dir[1344]: Database MariaDB is probably initialized in /var/lib/mysql already, nothing is done.
Feb 22 06:58:42 localhost.localdomain mysql-prepare-db-dir[1344]: If this is not the case, make sure the /var/lib/mysql is empty before running mysql-prepare-db-dir.
Feb 22 06:58:43 localhost.localdomain mysqld[1414]: 2020-02-22  6:58:43 0 [Note] /usr/libexec/mysqld (mysqld 10.3.17-MariaDB) starting as process 1414 …
Feb 22 06:58:43 localhost.localdomain mysqld[1414]: 2020-02-22  6:58:43 0 [Warning] Could not increase number of max_open_files to more than 1024 (request: 4186)
Feb 22 06:58:43 localhost.localdomain mysqld[1414]: 2020-02-22  6:58:43 0 [Warning] Changed limits: max_open_files: 1024  max_connections: 151 (was 151)  table_cache: 421 (was 2000)
Feb 22 06:58:44 localhost.localdomain systemd[1]: Started MariaDB 10.3 database server.
[root@localhost ~]#
[root@localhost ~]# systemctl status nginx
鈼[0m nginx.service – nginx – high performance web server
   Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/nginx.service; enabled; vendor preset: disabled)
   Active: active (running) since Sat 2020-02-22 06:58:43 CST; 19min ago
     Docs: http://nginx.org/en/docs/
  Process: 1565 ExecStart=/usr/sbin/nginx -c /etc/nginx/nginx.conf (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS)
  Main PID: 1641 (nginx)
    Tasks: 2 (limit: 26213)
   Memory: 3.7M
   CGroup: /system.slice/nginx.service
           鈹溾攢1641 nginx: master process /usr/sbin/nginx -c /etc/nginx/nginx.conf
           鈹斺攢1642 nginx: worker process

Feb 22 06:58:43 localhost.localdomain systemd[1]: Starting nginx – high performance web server…
Feb 22 06:58:43 localhost.localdomain systemd[1]: Started nginx – high performance web server.
[root@localhost ~]#
[root@localhost ~]#

jumpserver0221_39

如上所示,redis、mariadb、nginx都为运行中,状态正常。

3、检查jumpserver程序

jms没有设置为自启动,需要手工启动,首先进入python环境:

[root@localhost ~]# source /opt/py3/bin/activate
(py3) [root@localhost ~]#
(py3) [root@localhost ~]#

然后进入jumpserver程序目录/opt/jumpserver,使用./jms status –d检查程序是否启动,操作如下:

(py3) [root@localhost ~]# cd /opt/jumpserver
(py3) [root@localhost jumpserver]#
(py3) [root@localhost jumpserver]# ls
Dockerfile  LICENSE  README.md  README_EN.md  Vagrantfile  apps  build.sh  config.yml  config_example.yml  data  docs  entrypoint.sh  jms  logs  requirements  run_server.py  tmp  utils
(py3) [root@localhost jumpserver]#
(py3) [root@localhost jumpserver]# ./jms status -d
gunicorn is stopped
celery_ansible is stopped
celery_default is stopped
beat is stopped
flower is stopped
daphne is stopped
(py3) [root@localhost jumpserver]#

jumpserver0221_40

如上,显示都为stopped,未启动,故页面也无法打开,如下:

jumpserver0221_42

使用./jms start –d启动jumpserver程序,如下:

(py3) [root@localhost jumpserver]# ./jms start -d
2020-02-22 07:29:47 Sat Feb 22 07:29:47 2020
2020-02-22 07:29:47 Jumpserver version 1.5.6, more see https://www.jumpserver.org

– Start Gunicorn WSGI HTTP Server
2020-02-22 07:29:47 Check database connection …
users
  [X] 0001_initial
  [X] 0002_auto_20171225_1157_squashed_0019_auto_20190304_1459 (18 squashed migrations)
  [X] 0020_auto_20190612_1825
  [X] 0021_auto_20190625_1104
  [X] 0022_auto_20190625_1105
  [X] 0023_auto_20190724_1525
  [X] 0024_auto_20191118_1612
2020-02-22 07:30:04 Database connect success
2020-02-22 07:30:04 Check database structure change …
2020-02-22 07:30:04 Migrate model change to database …
Operations to perform:
  Apply all migrations: admin, applications, assets, audits, auth, authentication, captcha, common, contenttypes, django_celery_beat, ops, orgs, perms, sessions, settings, terminal, tickets, users
Running migrations:
  No migrations to apply.
2020-02-22 07:30:11 Collect static files
2020-02-22 07:30:17 Collect static files done

– Start Celery as Distributed Task Queue: Ansible

– Start Celery as Distributed Task Queue: Celery

– Start Beat as Periodic Task Scheduler

– Start Flower as Task Monitor

– Start Daphne ASGI WS Server
gunicorn is running: 2498
celery_ansible is running: 2509
celery_default is running: 2517
beat is running: 2528
flower is running: 2532
daphne is running: 2539
(py3) [root@localhost jumpserver]#

jumpserver0221_41

完成启动,再次打开主界面http://192.168.10.216,显示正常,如下:

jumpserver0221_43

jumpserver正常后,使用admin用户登陆管理主界面,进入“会话管理”->”终端管理”,如下图,在线状态栏中显示红色小圆点,即为未在线,说明koko和guacamole没有启动

jumpserver0221_45

检查koko和guacamole镜像,如下,说明镜像存在:

(py3) [root@localhost ~]# docker images
REPOSITORY                                         TAG     IMAGE ID       CREATED       SIZE
dockerhub.azk8s.cn/wojiushixiaobai/jms_guacamole   1.5.6   af71674d07a4   2 weeks ago   678 MB
dockerhub.azk8s.cn/wojiushixiaobai/jms_koko        1.5.6   2561f1397767   2 weeks ago   367 MB
(py3) [root@localhost ~]#
(py3) [root@localhost ~]#

使用docker ps查看运行中的容器,发现没有运行中的容器,如下:

(py3) [root@localhost ~]# docker ps
CONTAINER ID  IMAGE  COMMAND  CREATED  STATUS  PORTS  NAMES
(py3) [root@localhost ~]#
(py3) [root@localhost ~]#

使用docker ps -a查看所有创建的容器(包括未运行的容器),如下:

(py3) [root@localhost ~]# docker ps -a
CONTAINER ID  IMAGE                                                   COMMAND          CREATED      STATUS                          PORTS                                             NAMES
9107b7603bf2  dockerhub.azk8s.cn/wojiushixiaobai/jms_guacamole:1.5.6  ./entrypoint.sh  12 days ago  Exited (143) About an hour ago  127.0.0.1:8081->8080/tcp                          jms_guacamole
769148c0cec1  dockerhub.azk8s.cn/wojiushixiaobai/jms_koko:1.5.6       ./entrypoint.sh  12 days ago  Exited (0) About an hour ago    0.0.0.0:2222->2222/tcp, 127.0.0.1:5000->5000/tcp  jms_koko
(py3) [root@localhost ~]#
(py3) [root@localhost ~]#

如上所示,发现STATUS中状态为Exited,正常应该为up,应该是容器没有启动,手工启动koko和guacamole,操作如下:

(py3) [root@localhost ~]# docker start 9107b7603bf2
9107b7603bf25c48bb939907882591cee524e22bd5c399781694863152fae72f
(py3) [root@localhost ~]#
(py3) [root@localhost ~]#
(py3) [root@localhost ~]# docker start 769148c0cec1
769148c0cec1cc8a6b227e9946f48613e3670c33b347862ae07e53d6b2e1ac99
(py3) [root@localhost ~]#
(py3) [root@localhost ~]#

start后面为容器的id,通过docker ps -a的第一列可以查看到。

完成后再次运行docker ps,可以看到STATUS状态为UP About……,如下所示,即为启动运行中。

(py3) [root@localhost ~]# docker ps
CONTAINER ID  IMAGE                                                   COMMAND          CREATED      STATUS                 PORTS                                             NAMES
9107b7603bf2  dockerhub.azk8s.cn/wojiushixiaobai/jms_guacamole:1.5.6  ./entrypoint.sh  12 days ago  Up About a minute ago  127.0.0.1:8081->8080/tcp                          jms_guacamole
769148c0cec1  dockerhub.azk8s.cn/wojiushixiaobai/jms_koko:1.5.6       ./entrypoint.sh  12 days ago  Up About a minute ago  0.0.0.0:2222->2222/tcp, 127.0.0.1:5000->5000/tcp  jms_koko
(py3) [root@localhost ~]#

jumpserver0221_46

再次查看管理主界面的终端列表,“在线”一列中已为在线状态,说明koko和guacamole终端注册成功,运行正常。

jumpserver0221_47

最后,测试用户端运维管理是否正常,使用user01用户登陆,管理jumpserver和网管两台服务器,都可以连接和管理,如下:

jumpserver0221_48

jumpserver0221_49

历史会话记录也正常,能够回放

jumpserver0221_50

至此,整个jumpserver服务器重启后的操作全部完成,功能恢复正常。

Centos8上试用开源堡垒机Jumpserver 1.5.6(三):在Centos8上安装Jumpserver

===================================================================

开源堡垒机Jumpserver安装/配置系列:

1、Centos8上试用开源堡垒机Jumpserver 1.5.6(一):堡垒机概述
2、Centos8上试用开源堡垒机Jumpserver 1.5.6(二):安装Centos8(CentOS-8.1.1911-x86_64-dvd1.iso)
3、Centos8上试用开源堡垒机Jumpserver 1.5.6(三):在Centos8上安装Jumpserver
4、Centos8上试用开源堡垒机Jumpserver 1.5.6(四):添加被管资源与运维帐户权限分配
5、Centos8上试用开源堡垒机Jumpserver 1.5.6(五):通过堡垒机进行运维管理
6、Centos8上试用开源堡垒机Jumpserver 1.5.6(六):试用批量命令和命令过滤功能
7、Centos8上试用开源堡垒机Jumpserver 1.5.6(七):服务器重启后的恢复操作(手工启动jumpserver等程序)
8、Centos8上试用开源堡垒机Jumpserver 1.5.6(八):创建用户时使用密码链接并发邮件给用户功能

===================================================================

目前Jumpserver开源堡垒机的最新版本为1.5.6,本次将按照官方“CentOS 8 安装文档”来进行配置,具体配置如下(root用户登陆):

1、更新软件库

通过以下命令完成更新:

[root@localhost ~]# yum update –y

jumpserver27

2、关闭防火墙和关闭SELinux

Jumpserver需要开放80(nginx)和2222(SSH登陆端口koko)两个端口,后期远程管理也需要开放相应端口,这里直接将防火墙关闭:

[root@localhost ~]# firewall-cmd –state
running
[root@localhost ~]#

关闭firewall,并禁止防火墙开机启动,命令如下:

[root@localhost ~]# systemctl stop firewalld.service
[root@localhost ~]# systemctl disable firewalld.service

接着将SELinux关闭,运行如下命令编辑SELINUX配置文件:

[root@localhost ~]# vi /etc/selinux/config

并将SELINUX=enforcing改成SELINUX=disable,如下:

# This file controls the state of SELinux on the system.
# SELINUX= can take one of these three values:
#     enforcing – SELinux security policy is enforced.
#     permissive – SELinux prints warnings instead of enforcing.
#     disabled – No SELinux policy is loaded.
SELINUX=disabled
# SELINUXTYPE= can take one of these three values:
#     targeted – Targeted processes are protected,
#     minimum – Modification of targeted policy. Only selected processes are protected.
#     mls – Multi Level Security protection.
SELINUXTYPE=targeted

jumpserver29

修改完成后,重启机器,重启后运行getenforce命令查看已经关闭SELinux。

3、安装依赖包

安装wget、gcc等依赖包:

[root@localhost ~]# yum -y install wget gcc epel-release git

jumpserver30

4、安装Redis

Jumpserver使用Redis做cache和celery broke,,安装redis,设置为开机启动模式,并启动程序,操作如下:

[root@localhost ~]# yum -y install redis
[root@localhost ~]# systemctl enable redis
Created symlink /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/redis.service 鈫/usr/lib/systemd/system/redis.service.
[root@localhost ~]# systemctl start redis
[root@localhost ~]#

jumpserver31

5、安装并配置MySQL数据库

开始安装mysql,开源也叫mariadb,操作如下:

[root@localhost ~]# systemctl enable mariadb
[root@localhost ~]# systemctl enable mariadb
Created symlink /etc/systemd/system/mysql.service 鈫/usr/lib/systemd/system/mariadb.service.
Created symlink /etc/systemd/system/mysqld.service 鈫/usr/lib/systemd/system/mariadb.service.
Created symlink /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/mariadb.service 鈫/usr/lib/systemd/system/mariadb.service.
[root@localhost ~]#
[root@localhost ~]# systemctl start mariadb
[root@localhost ~]#

接着开始创建数据库,并将数据库授权,操作如下:

生成随机数据库密码:

[root@localhost ~]# DB_PASSWORD=`cat /dev/urandom | tr -dc A-Za-z0-9 | head -c 24`
[root@localhost ~]#
[root@localhost ~]# echo -e “\033[31m 你的数据库密码是 $DB_PASSWORD \033[0m”
  你的数据库密码是 vqMlQ8FhEkhXVCZHGgRatXIp
[root@localhost ~]#
[root@localhost ~]#

jumpserver32

创建jumpserver数据库,如下:

[root@localhost ~]# mysql -uroot -e “create database jumpserver default charset ‘utf8’; grant all on jumpserver.* to ‘jumpserver’@’127.0.0.1’ identified by ‘$DB_PASSWORD’; flush privileges;”
[root@localhost ~]#

到此,数据库创建完成。

6、安装Nginx

由于jumpserver整个软件安装了多个组件,除了jumpserver主站点外,还有koko、guacamole等,通过Nginx来整合各个组件,操作如下:

创建repo文件:

[root@localhost ~]# vi /etc/yum.repos.d/nginx.repo

输入如下内容:

[nginx-stable]
name=nginx stable repo
baseurl=http://nginx.org/packages/centos/$releasever/$basearch/
gpgcheck=1
enabled=1
gpgkey=https://nginx.org/keys/nginx_signing.key
module_hotfixes=true

开始安装nginx,并设置为开机自启动:

[root@localhost ~]# yum -y install nginx
[root@localhost ~]# systemctl enable nginx
Created symlink /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/nginx.service 鈫/usr/lib/systemd/system/nginx.service.
[root@localhost ~]#

7、安装Python3.6

开始安装:

[root@localhost ~]# yum -y install python36 python36-devel

jumpserver33

配置并进入Python3虚拟环境,首先定义一个虚拟环境名称,本例为py3,如下:

[root@localhost opt]# cd /opt
[root@localhost opt]# python3.6 -m venv py3
[root@localhost opt]#

jumpserver34

接着进入py3虚拟环境,看到py3开头的提示符号代表成功进入,以后运行jumpserver都要先进入py3环境。

[root@localhost opt]# source /opt/py3/bin/activate
(py3) [root@localhost opt]#
(py3) [root@localhost opt]#

jumpserver35

注意:以下开始的步骤都需要在py3环境中执行。

8、安装Jumpserver

下载jumpserver,完成后/opt目录下会产生一个jumpserver的文件夹:

(py3) [root@localhost opt]# git clone –depth=1 https://github.com/jumpserver/jumpserver.git

jumpserver40

安装依据包:

[root@localhost opt]# yum -y install gcc krb5-devel libtiff-devel libjpeg-devel libzip-devel freetype-devel libwebp-devel tcl-devel tk-devel sshpass openldap-devel mariadb-devel libffi-devel openssh-clients telnet openldap-clients

接着安装Python库依赖包:

(py3) [root@localhost opt]#
(py3) [root@localhost opt]# pip install wheel

(py3) [root@localhost opt]# pip install –upgrade pip

编辑依赖包清单requirements.txt文件,暂时去掉python-gssapi==0.6.4:

(py3) [root@localhost opt]# vi /opt/jumpserver/requirements/requirements.txt

jumpserver42

安装依赖包清单里的软件:

(py3) [root@localhost opt]# pip install -r /opt/jumpserver/requirements/requirements.txt -i https://mirrors.aliyun.com/pypi/simple/

jumpserver43

完成后,将requirements.txt中将python-gssapi-0.6.4的注释去掉,再执行一次安装命令,完成安装。

(py3) [root@localhost opt]# pip install -r /opt/jumpserver/requirements/requirements.txt -i https://mirrors.aliyun.com/pypi/simple/

jumpserver44

9、配置和启动jumpserver

修改jumpserver配置文件,复制一份示例文件:

(py3) [root@localhost opt]# cd jumpserver
(py3) [root@localhost jumpserver]# cp config_example.yml config.yml
(py3) [root@localhost jumpserver]#

jumpserver45

然后对配置文件作如下修改:

(py3) [root@localhost jumpserver]#
(py3) [root@localhost jumpserver]# SECRET_KEY=`cat /dev/urandom | tr -dc A-Za-z0-9 | head -c 50`
(py3) [root@localhost jumpserver]# echo “SECRET_KEY=$SECRET_KEY” >> ~/.bashrc
(py3) [root@localhost jumpserver]# BOOTSTRAP_TOKEN=`cat /dev/urandom | tr -dc A-Za-z0-9 | head -c 16`
(py3) [root@localhost jumpserver]# echo “BOOTSTRAP_TOKEN=$BOOTSTRAP_TOKEN” >> ~/.bashrc
(py3) [root@localhost jumpserver]#
(py3) [root@localhost jumpserver]# sed -i “s/SECRET_KEY:/SECRET_KEY: $SECRET_KEY/g” /opt/jumpserver/config.yml
(py3) [root@localhost jumpserver]# sed -i “s/BOOTSTRAP_TOKEN:/BOOTSTRAP_TOKEN: $BOOTSTRAP_TOKEN/g” /opt/jumpserver/config.yml
(py3) [root@localhost jumpserver]# sed -i “s/# DEBUG: true/DEBUG: false/g” /opt/jumpserver/config.yml
(py3) [root@localhost jumpserver]# sed -i “s/# LOG_LEVEL: DEBUG/LOG_LEVEL: ERROR/g” /opt/jumpserver/config.yml
(py3) [root@localhost jumpserver]# sed -i “s/# SESSION_EXPIRE_AT_BROWSER_CLOSE: false/SESSION_EXPIRE_AT_BROWSER_CLOSE: true/g” /opt/jumpserver/config.yml
(py3) [root@localhost jumpserver]# sed -i “s/DB_PASSWORD: /DB_PASSWORD: $DB_PASSWORD/g” /opt/jumpserver/config.yml
(py3) [root@localhost jumpserver]# echo -e “\033[31m 你的SECRET_KEY是 $SECRET_KEY \033[0m”
  你的SECRET_KEY是 fKk8ZyJlq6UCQZqowD3tOHXoJ86BfEaY6fMVsMfDzY4kTLQLja
(py3) [root@localhost jumpserver]# echo -e “\033[31m 你的BOOTSTRAP_TOKEN是 $BOOTSTRAP_TOKEN \033[0m”
  你的BOOTSTRAP_TOKEN是 H4x1afiqgY3MXCiD
(py3) [root@localhost jumpserver]#

修改完成后,检查下配置,特别是以下行中DB_PASSWORD中是否有密码,正常是有刚才随机的密码:

DB_HOST: 127.0.0.1
DB_PORT: 3306
DB_USER: jumpserver
DB_PASSWORD: vqMlQ8FhEkhXVCZHGgRatXIp
DB_NAME: jumpserver

最后启动jumpserver,通过./jms start –d命令,如下:

(py3) [root@localhost /]# cd /opt/jumpserver/
(py3) [root@localhost jumpserver]#
(py3) [root@localhost jumpserver]# ./jms start -d
2020-02-09 09:32:35 Sun Feb  9 09:32:35 2020
2020-02-09 09:32:35 Jumpserver version 1.5.6, more see https://www.jumpserver.org

– Start Gunicorn WSGI HTTP Server
2020-02-09 09:32:35 Check database connection …
users
  [ ] 0001_initial
  [ ] 0002_auto_20171225_1157_squashed_0019_auto_20190304_1459 (18 squashed migrations)
  [ ] 0020_auto_20190612_1825
  [ ] 0021_auto_20190625_1104
  [ ] 0022_auto_20190625_1105
  [ ] 0023_auto_20190724_1525
  [ ] 0024_auto_20191118_1612
2020-02-09 09:32:41 Database connect success
2020-02-09 09:32:41 Check database structure change …
2020-02-09 09:32:41 Migrate model change to database …
Operations to perform:
   Apply all migrations: admin, applications, assets, audits, auth, authentication, captcha, common, contenttypes, django_celery_beat, ops, orgs, perms, sessions, settings, terminal, tickets, users
Running migrations:
   Applying contenttypes.0001_initial… OK
   Applying contenttypes.0002_remove_content_type_name… OK
   Applying auth.0001_initial… OK
   Applying auth.0002_alter_permission_name_max_length… OK
   Applying auth.0003_alter_user_email_max_length… OK
   Applying auth.0004_alter_user_username_opts… OK
   Applying auth.0005_alter_user_last_login_null… OK
   Applying auth.0006_require_contenttypes_0002… OK
   Applying auth.0007_alter_validators_add_error_messages… OK
   Applying auth.0008_alter_user_username_max_length… OK
   Applying users.0001_initial… OK
   Applying admin.0001_initial… OK
   Applying admin.0002_logentry_remove_auto_add… OK
   Applying admin.0003_logentry_add_action_flag_choices… OK
   Applying users.0002_auto_20171225_1157_squashed_0019_auto_20190304_1459… OK
   Applying assets.0001_initial… OK
   Applying perms.0001_initial… OK
   Applying assets.0002_auto_20180105_1807_squashed_0009_auto_20180307_1212… OK
   Applying assets.0010_auto_20180307_1749_squashed_0019_auto_20180816_1320… OK
   Applying perms.0002_auto_20171228_0025_squashed_0009_auto_20180903_1132… OK
   Applying perms.0003_action… OK
   Applying perms.0004_assetpermission_actions… OK
   Applying assets.0020_auto_20180816_1652… OK
   Applying assets.0021_auto_20180903_1132… OK
   Applying assets.0022_auto_20181012_1717… OK
   Applying assets.0023_auto_20181016_1650… OK
   Applying assets.0024_auto_20181219_1614… OK
   Applying assets.0025_auto_20190221_1902… OK
   Applying assets.0026_auto_20190325_2035… OK
   Applying applications.0001_initial… OK
   Applying perms.0005_auto_20190521_1619… OK
   Applying perms.0006_auto_20190628_1921… OK
   Applying perms.0007_remove_assetpermission_actions… OK
   Applying perms.0008_auto_20190911_1907… OK
   Applying assets.0027_auto_20190521_1703… OK
   Applying assets.0028_protocol… OK
   Applying assets.0029_auto_20190522_1114… OK
   Applying assets.0030_auto_20190619_1135… OK
   Applying assets.0031_auto_20190621_1332… OK
   Applying assets.0032_auto_20190624_2108… OK
   Applying assets.0033_auto_20190624_2108… OK
   Applying assets.0034_auto_20190705_1348… OK
   Applying assets.0035_auto_20190711_2018… OK
   Applying assets.0036_auto_20190716_1535… OK
   Applying assets.0037_auto_20190724_2002… OK
   Applying assets.0038_auto_20190911_1634… OK
   Applying perms.0009_remoteapppermission_system_users… OK
   Applying applications.0002_remove_remoteapp_system_user… OK
   Applying applications.0003_auto_20191210_1659… OK
   Applying applications.0004_auto_20191218_1705… OK
   Applying assets.0039_authbook_is_active… OK
   Applying assets.0040_auto_20190917_2056… OK
   Applying assets.0041_gathereduser… OK
   Applying assets.0042_favoriteasset… OK
   Applying assets.0043_auto_20191114_1111… OK
   Applying assets.0044_platform… OK
   Applying assets.0045_auto_20191206_1607… OK
   Applying assets.0046_auto_20191218_1705… OK
   Applying audits.0001_initial… OK
   Applying audits.0002_ftplog_org_id… OK
   Applying audits.0003_auto_20180816_1652… OK
   Applying audits.0004_operatelog_passwordchangelog_userloginlog… OK
   Applying audits.0005_auto_20190228_1715… OK
   Applying audits.0006_auto_20190726_1753… OK
   Applying audits.0007_auto_20191202_1010… OK
   Applying auth.0009_alter_user_last_name_max_length… OK
   Applying authentication.0001_initial… OK
   Applying authentication.0002_auto_20190729_1423… OK
   Applying authentication.0003_loginconfirmsetting… OK
   Applying captcha.0001_initial… OK
   Applying common.0001_initial… OK
   Applying common.0002_auto_20180111_1407… OK
   Applying common.0003_setting_category… OK
   Applying common.0004_setting_encrypted… OK
   Applying common.0005_auto_20190221_1902… OK
   Applying common.0006_auto_20190304_1515… OK
   Applying django_celery_beat.0001_initial… OK
   Applying django_celery_beat.0002_auto_20161118_0346… OK
   Applying django_celery_beat.0003_auto_20161209_0049… OK
   Applying django_celery_beat.0004_auto_20170221_0000… OK
   Applying django_celery_beat.0005_add_solarschedule_events_choices_squashed_0009_merge_20181012_1416… OK
   Applying django_celery_beat.0006_periodictask_priority… OK
   Applying ops.0001_initial… OK
   Applying ops.0002_celerytask… OK
   Applying ops.0003_auto_20181207_1744… OK
   Applying ops.0004_adhoc_run_as… OK
   Applying ops.0005_auto_20181219_1807… OK
   Applying ops.0006_auto_20190318_1023… OK
   Applying ops.0007_auto_20190724_2002… OK
   Applying ops.0008_auto_20190919_2100… OK
   Applying ops.0009_auto_20191217_1713… OK
   Applying ops.0010_auto_20191217_1758… OK
   Applying orgs.0001_initial… OK
   Applying orgs.0002_auto_20180903_1132… OK
   Applying orgs.0003_auto_20190916_1057… OK
   Applying users.0020_auto_20190612_1825… OK
   Applying users.0021_auto_20190625_1104… OK
   Applying users.0022_auto_20190625_1105… OK
   Applying users.0023_auto_20190724_1525… OK
   Applying users.0024_auto_20191118_1612… OK
   Applying perms.0010_auto_20191218_1705… OK
   Applying sessions.0001_initial… OK
   Applying settings.0001_initial… OK
   Applying terminal.0001_initial… OK
   Applying terminal.0002_auto_20171228_0025_squashed_0009_auto_20180326_0957… OK
   Applying terminal.0010_auto_20180423_1140… OK
   Applying terminal.0011_auto_20180807_1116… OK
   Applying terminal.0012_auto_20180816_1652… OK
   Applying terminal.0013_auto_20181123_1113… OK
   Applying terminal.0014_auto_20181226_1441… OK
   Applying terminal.0015_auto_20190923_1529… OK
   Applying terminal.0016_commandstorage_replaystorage… OK
   Applying terminal.0017_auto_20191125_0931… OK
   Applying terminal.0018_auto_20191202_1010… OK
   Applying terminal.0019_auto_20191206_1000… OK
   Applying terminal.0020_auto_20191218_1721… OK
   Applying tickets.0001_initial… OK
2020-02-09 09:34:58 Collect static files
2020-02-09 09:35:03 Collect static files done

– Start Celery as Distributed Task Queue: Ansible

– Start Celery as Distributed Task Queue: Celery

– Start Beat as Periodic Task Scheduler

– Start Flower as Task Monitor

– Start Daphne ASGI WS Server
gunicorn is running: 1353
celery_ansible is running: 1364
celery_default is running: 1372
beat is running: 1383
flower is running: 1388
daphne is running: 1402
(py3) [root@localhost jumpserver]#

jumpserver46


如上,完成了jumpserver的启动。

10、部署koko和guacamole

koko和guacamole用于远程管理LINUX或WINDOWS主机时使用的连接组件,有本地安装和docker两种方式,本次和官网文档相同,使用docker,不过不使用docker软件,使用podman,原理基本相同。

首先安装podman:

(py3) [root@localhost jumpserver]# yum install -y podman-docker

jumpserver47

修改别名,这样可以使用docker开头的命令,符合使用习惯:

(py3) [root@localhost jumpserver]# alias docker=podman
(py3) [root@localhost jumpserver]# echo “alias docker=podman” >> ~/.bashrc

配置podman镜像源,编辑/etc/containers/registries.conf文件,将

registries = [‘registry.access.redhat.com’, ‘registry.fedoraproject.org’, ‘registry.centos.org’, ‘docker.io’]

修改为

registries = [‘dockerhub.azk8s.cn’, ‘docker.mirrors.ustc.edu.cn’, ‘docker.io’]

获取服务器IP地址并输入koko和guacamole镜像:

(py3) [root@localhost jumpserver]# Server_IP=`ip addr | grep ‘state UP’ -A2 | grep inet | egrep -v ‘(127.0.0.1|inet6|docker)’ | awk ‘{print $2}’ | tr -d “addr:” | head -n 1 | cut -d / -f1`
(py3) [root@localhost jumpserver]# echo -e “\033[31m 你的服务器IP是 $Server_IP \033[0m”
  你的服务器IP是 192.168.10.216
(py3) [root@localhost jumpserver]#
(py3) [root@localhost jumpserver]#
(py3) [root@localhost jumpserver]# docker run –name jms_koko -d -p 2222:2222 -p 127.0.0.1:5000:5000 -e CORE_HOST=http://$Server_IP:8080 -e BOOTSTRAP_TOKEN=$BOOTSTRAP_TOKEN wojiushixiaobai/jms_koko:1.5.6
Trying to pull dockerhub.azk8s.cn/wojiushixiaobai/jms_koko:1.5.6…
Getting image source signatures
Copying blob c6b215e57460 done
Copying blob 2f770ee5b9cf done
Copying blob ab5ef0e58194 done
Copying blob 5192265494e0 done
Copying config 2561f13977 done
Writing manifest to image destination
Storing signatures
769148c0cec1cc8a6b227e9946f48613e3670c33b347862ae07e53d6b2e1ac99
(py3) [root@localhost jumpserver]#
(py3) [root@localhost jumpserver]#
(py3) [root@localhost jumpserver]#
(py3) [root@localhost jumpserver]# docker run –name jms_guacamole -d -p 127.0.0.1:8081:8080 -e JUMPSERVER_SERVER=http://$Server_IP:8080 -e BOOTSTRAP_TOKEN=$BOOTSTRAP_TOKEN wojiushixiaobai/jms_guacamole:1.5.6
Trying to pull dockerhub.azk8s.cn/wojiushixiaobai/jms_guacamole:1.5.6…
Getting image source signatures
Copying blob ab5ef0e58194 skipped: already exists
Copying blob 7e663ccfc7bd done
Copying blob 923a0bfa2671 done
Copying blob 9391bafc9b01 done
Copying config af71674d07 done
Writing manifest to image destination
Storing signatures
9107b7603bf25c48bb939907882591cee524e22bd5c399781694863152fae72f
(py3) [root@localhost jumpserver]#
(py3) [root@localhost jumpserver]#
(py3) [root@localhost jumpserver]# docker ps
CONTAINER ID  IMAGE                                                   COMMAND          CREATED         STATUS             PORTS                                             NAMES
9107b7603bf2  dockerhub.azk8s.cn/wojiushixiaobai/jms_guacamole:1.5.6  ./entrypoint.sh  21 minutes ago  Up 21 minutes ago  127.0.0.1:8081->8080/tcp                          jms_guacamole
769148c0cec1  dockerhub.azk8s.cn/wojiushixiaobai/jms_koko:1.5.6       ./entrypoint.sh  25 minutes ago  Up 25 minutes ago  0.0.0.0:2222->2222/tcp, 127.0.0.1:5000->5000/tcp  jms_koko
(py3) [root@localhost jumpserver]#
(py3) [root@localhost jumpserver]#
(py3) [root@localhost jumpserver]# docker images
REPOSITORY                                         TAG     IMAGE ID       CREATED      SIZE
dockerhub.azk8s.cn/wojiushixiaobai/jms_guacamole   1.5.6   af71674d07a4   7 days ago   678 MB
dockerhub.azk8s.cn/wojiushixiaobai/jms_koko        1.5.6   2561f1397767   7 days ago   367 MB
(py3) [root@localhost jumpserver]#

jumpserver48

11、安装WEB Terminal

(py3) [root@localhost jumpserver]# cd /opt
(py3) [root@localhost opt]# wget https://github.com/jumpserver/luna/releases/download/1.5.6/luna.tar.gz
(py3) [root@localhost opt]#
(py3) [root@localhost opt]# tar xf luna.tar.gz
(py3) [root@localhost opt]#
(py3) [root@localhost opt]# ls
jumpserver  luna  luna.tar.gz  py3
(py3) [root@localhost opt]#
(py3) [root@localhost opt]# chown -R root:root luna
(py3) [root@localhost opt]#

jumpserver49

12、配置并运行Nginx

通过NGINX来整合之前安装的各种组件,确保统一访问路径,操作如下:

(py3) [root@localhost opt]# rm -rf /etc/nginx/conf.d/default.conf
(py3) [root@localhost opt]#
(py3) [root@localhost opt]# vi /etc/nginx/conf.d/jumpserver.conf

添加如下内容:

server {
     listen 80;
     # server_name _;

    client_max_body_size 100m;  # 录像及文件上传大小限制

    location /luna/ {
         try_files $uri / /index.html;
         alias /opt/luna/;  # luna 路径, 如果修改安装目录, 此处需要修改
     }

    location /media/ {
         add_header Content-Encoding gzip;
         root /opt/jumpserver/data/;  # 录像位置, 如果修改安装目录, 此处需要修改
     }

    location /static/ {
         root /opt/jumpserver/data/;  # 静态资源, 如果修改安装目录, 此处需要修改
     }

    location /koko/ {
         proxy_pass       http://localhost:5000;
         proxy_buffering off;
         proxy_http_version 1.1;
         proxy_set_header Upgrade $http_upgrade;
         proxy_set_header Connection “upgrade”;
         proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
         proxy_set_header Host $host;
         proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
         access_log off;
     }

    location /guacamole/ {
         proxy_pass       http://localhost:8081/;
         proxy_buffering off;
         proxy_http_version 1.1;
         proxy_set_header Upgrade $http_upgrade;
         proxy_set_header Connection $http_connection;
         proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
         proxy_set_header Host $host;
         proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
         access_log off;
     }

    location /ws/ {
         proxy_pass http://localhost:8070;
         proxy_http_version 1.1;
         proxy_buffering off;
         proxy_set_header Upgrade $http_upgrade;
         proxy_set_header Connection “upgrade”;
         proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
         proxy_set_header Host $host;
         proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
         access_log off;
     }

    location / {
         proxy_pass http://localhost:8080;
         proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
         proxy_set_header Host $host;
         proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
         access_log off;
     }
}

完成后开始运行Nginx,先运行nginx -t查看,确保配置没有问题:

(py3) [root@localhost opt]# nginx -t
nginx: the configuration file /etc/nginx/nginx.conf syntax is ok
nginx: configuration file /etc/nginx/nginx.conf test is successful
(py3) [root@localhost opt]#
(py3) [root@localhost opt]#

jumpserver50

没问题后运行nginx:

(py3) [root@localhost opt]# systemctl start nginx
(py3) [root@localhost opt]#
(py3) [root@localhost opt]# systemctl status nginx
鈼[0m nginx.service – nginx – high performance web server
    Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/nginx.service; enabled; vendor preset: disable>
    Active: active (running) since Sun 2020-02-09 10:36:28 CST; 6s ago
      Docs: http://nginx.org/en/docs/
   Process: 3559 ExecStart=/usr/sbin/nginx -c /etc/nginx/nginx.conf (code=exited, status=0>
  Main PID: 3560 (nginx)
     Tasks: 2 (limit: 26213)
    Memory: 2.3M
    CGroup: /system.slice/nginx.service
            鈹溾攢3560 nginx: master process /usr/sbin/nginx -c /etc/nginx/nginx.conf
            鈹斺攢3561 nginx: worker process

Feb 09 10:36:28 localhost.localdomain systemd[1]: Starting nginx – high performance web s>
Feb 09 10:36:28 localhost.localdomain systemd[1]: Started nginx – high performance web se>

(py3) [root@localhost opt]#

jumpserver51

完成后,打开浏览器,输入http://192.168.10.216,出现登陆界面,用户名密码默认都为admin,如下图,

jumpserver53

jumpserver54

进入后,打开“会话管理”->“终端管理”,由于装了KOKO和guacamole,故正常情况下会有两个终端设备,如下,若没有出现,则koko和guacamole可能安装没成功,如下图所示。

jumpserver55

至此,jumpserver在centos8上的部署已完成 ,下步就需要添加用户和设备资源,使jumpserver可以远程管理相应设备或系统。

参考文章:
1、CentOS 8 安装文档
https://jumpserver.readthedocs.io/zh/master/setup_by_centos8.html

2、Docker 使用说明
https://jumpserver.readthedocs.io/zh/master/faq_docker.html

3、pip install -r /opt/jumpserver/requirements/requirements.txt 安装python-gssapi-0.6.4报错
https://blog.csdn.net/a13568hki/article/details/103259532

4、Jumpserver单机快速部署前的准备工作及部署流程

Zabbix 4.0.2试用(八):在Windows2008R2和2012主机中安装zabbix agent并添加该主机

之前介绍了通过两种不同的安装方式来安装zabbix agent,以使服务器能被监控到,本次介绍在Windows下安装agent,以使能被监控,步骤如下:

1、关闭防火墙

若被监控的Windows主机启用了防火墙,需关闭防火墙,或者在防火中开放TCP和UDP的10050端口。

2、下载agent for windows软件

进入Zabbix Agents下载页面,选择Windows amd64架构的版本,如下:

zabbixwindows01

3、安装agent for windows软件(Windows 2008R2)

下载后,将安装包上心至被监控主机中,然后在C盘目录下新建文件夹zabbix_agent,再将安装包中的zabbix_agentd.exe和zabbix_agentd.win.conf文件复制到c:\zabbix_agent文件夹中,如下图

zabbixwindows02

开始编辑配置文件zabbix_agentd.win.conf,右键选择打开,选择使用记事本打开

zabbixwindows03

主要完成以下几项的修改:

EnableRemoteCommands=1          //来至zabbix服务器的远程命令是否允许被执行
Server=192.168.10.208                //zabbix server地址,用于被动模式,数据获取
ServerActive=192.168.10.208       //主动发送的zabbix server地址,用于主动模式,数据提交
Hostname=WIN-9UI6G0K748R      //和创建主机时的hostname一致
UnsafeUserParameters=1             //启用自定义key,zabbix监控mysql、tomcat等数据时需要自定义key

完成后保存退出。

开始安装,在命令行界面中以服务的形式安装 Zabbix Windows agent,如下:

c:\zabbix_agent>c:\zabbix_agent\zabbix_agentd.exe -c c:\zabbix_agent\zabbix_agentd.win.conf -i
zabbix_agentd.exe [4532]: service [Zabbix Agent] installed successfully
zabbix_agentd.exe [4532]: event source [Zabbix Agent] installed successfully

c:\zabbix_agent>

zabbixwindows04

进入WINDOWS服务界面,对Zabbix Agent进行编辑,点击“启动”按扭,启动类型为“自动”,如下图。

zabbixwindows05

4、安装agent for windows软件(Windows 2012)

WINDOWS 2012和2008R2的安装方法基本相同,先关闭防火墙或在防火中上打开TCP和R 10050端口,然后先将安装包中的zabbix_agentd.exe和zabbix_agentd.win.conf文件复制到c:\zabbix_agent文件夹中,如下图:

zabbixwindows08

开始编辑配置文件zabbix_agentd.win.conf,右键选择打开,选择使用记事本打开,主要完成以下几项的修改:

EnableRemoteCommands=1          //来至zabbix服务器的远程命令是否允许被执行
Server=192.168.10.208                //zabbix server地址,用于被动模式,数据获取
ServerActive=192.168.10.208       //主动发送的zabbix server地址,用于主动模式,数据提交
Hostname=WIN-9UI6G0K748R      //和创建主机时的hostname一致
UnsafeUserParameters=1             //启用自定义key,zabbix监控mysql、tomcat等数据时需要自定义key

完成后保存退出。

开始安装,在命令行界面中以服务的形式安装 Zabbix Windows agent,如下:

Microsoft Windows [版本 6.3.9600]
(c) 2013 Microsoft Corporation。保留所有权利。

C:\Users\Administrator>c:\zabbix_agent\zabbix_agentd.exe -c c:\zabbix_agent\zabbix_agentd.win.conf -i
zabbix_agentd.exe [3756]: service [Zabbix Agent] installed successfully
zabbix_agentd.exe [3756]: event source [Zabbix Agent] installed successfully

C:\Users\Administrator>

zabbixwindows09

安装、卸载、启动等参数说明:

c:\zabbix_agent\zabbix_agentd.exe -c c:\zabbix_agent\zabbix_agentd.win.conf -i
c:\zabbix_agent\zabbix_agentd.exe -c c:\zabbix_agent\zabbix_agentd.win.conf -s
c:\zabbix_agent\zabbix_agentd.exe -c c:\zabbix_agent\zabbix_agentd.win.conf -x
c:\zabbix_agent\zabbix_agentd.exe -c c:\zabbix_agent\zabbix_agentd.win.conf -d

-c:指定配置文件所有位置
-i:安装客户端
-s:启动客户端
-x:停止客户端
-d:卸载客户端

开始启动服务,和WIN2008R2一样,打开2012的服务窗口,在最后找到Zabbix Agent的服务名称,右键属性,启动类型选择“自动”,并点击“启动”按扭,如下:

zabbixwindows10

5、将主机添加至zabbix server平台

首先添加WIN2008R2的主机,打开zabbix server主界面,选择“配置‘->”主机“,点击右上角的”创建“按扭,创建一台主机,如下图

agentinstall06

输入主机名称和可见的名称,群组选择系统默认的Server hardware,agent代理接口IP设置刚才安装agent的主机192.168.10.210,端口默认10050,如下图:

zabbixwindows06

再选择”模板“选项栏,链接指示器里选择”Template OS Windows“,点击添加,最后点击蓝底添加按扭,完成添加。

zabbixwindows07

WIN2012的主机添加方法与2008R2的相同,添加后,等待5分钟左右,即可看到可用性一栏中的ZBX已经变绿,证明监控平台已经监控到两台WINDOWS主机,如下图。

zabbixwindows11

参考文章:https://www.zabbix.com/documentation/4.0/zh/manual/concepts/agent

Zabbix 4.0.2试用(七):在Linux主机中安装zabbix agent并添加该主机(yum源安装)

之前介绍的是下载源安装包,编译安装的方式来安装agent,本次将采用yum源方式安装,前提是主机需要与互联网相通,操作如下:

1、关闭防火墙和SELINUX

使用root用户登陆系统:

首先查看防火墙状态

[root@zabbix ~]# firewall-cmd –state
running
[root@zabbix ~]#

关闭firewall,并禁止防火墙开机启动,命令如下:

[root@zabbix ~]# systemctl stop firewalld.service
[root@zabbix ~]# systemctl disable firewalld.service

再次查看,防火墙已不在运行:

[root@zabbix ~]# firewall-cmd –state

安装之前还需将SELINUX关闭,运行如下命令编辑SELINUX配置文件:

[root@zabbix ~]# vi /etc/selinux/config

并将SELINUX=enforcing改成SELINUX=disable,如下:

# This file controls the state of SELinux on the system.
# SELINUX= can take one of these three values:
#     enforcing – SELinux security policy is enforced.
#     permissive – SELinux prints warnings instead of enforcing.
#     disabled – No SELinux policy is loaded.
SELINUX=disabled
# SELINUXTYPE= can take one of three two values:
#     targeted – Targeted processes are protected,
#     minimum – Modification of targeted policy. Only selected processes are protected.
#     mls – Multi Level Security protection.
SELINUXTYPE=targeted

修改完成后,重启机器,运行如下命令查看是否 SELINUX已关闭:

[root@zabbix ~]# getenforce

退回disable即为已关闭。

2、安装Zabbix Agent

首先需添加对应的yum repository:

进入zabbix官网文档,选择产品手册->安装->从二进制包安装->1 Red Hat Enterprise,

zabbixinstallx21

zabbixagentyum01

开始安装agent:

[root@localhost ~]# yum install zabbix-agent
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, langpacks
Determining fastest mirrors
  * base: centos.ustc.edu.cn
  * extras: centos.ustc.edu.cn
  * updates: mirrors.shu.edu.cn
base                                                                        | 3.6 kB  00:00:00    
extras                                                                      | 3.4 kB  00:00:00    
updates                                                                     | 3.4 kB  00:00:00    
zabbix                                                                      | 2.9 kB  00:00:00    
zabbix-non-supported                                                        |  951 B  00:00:00    
updates/7/x86_64/primary_db    FAILED                                         
http://mirrors.shu.edu.cn/centos/7.6.1810/updates/x86_64/repodata/384ed51dad1c96d9f80866dedacb6fd008516393c597a3da83afd33281356e1b-primary.sqlite.bz2: [Errno 14] curl#7 – “Failed connect to mirrors.shu.edu.cn:80; Connection refused”
Trying other mirror.
(1/5): extras/7/x86_64/primary_db                                           | 156 kB  00:00:00    
(2/5): base/7/x86_64/group_gz                                               | 166 kB  00:00:00    
(3/5): zabbix/x86_64/primary_db                                             |  26 kB  00:00:00    
(4/5): updates/7/x86_64/primary_db                                          | 1.3 MB  00:00:04    
(5/5): base/7/x86_64/primary_db                                             | 6.0 MB  00:00:10    
zabbix-non-supported/x86_64/primary                                         | 1.6 kB  00:00:00    
zabbix-non-supported                                                                           4/4
Resolving Dependencies
–> Running transaction check
—> Package zabbix-agent.x86_64 0:4.0.2-1.el7 will be installed
–> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

===================================================================================================
  Package                   Arch                Version                   Repository           Size
===================================================================================================
Installing:
  zabbix-agent              x86_64              4.0.2-1.el7               zabbix              384 k

Transaction Summary
===================================================================================================
Install  1 Package

Total download size: 384 k
Installed size: 1.5 M
Is this ok [y/d/N]: y
Downloading packages:
warning: /var/cache/yum/x86_64/7/zabbix/packages/zabbix-agent-4.0.2-1.el7.x86_64.rpm: Header V4 RSA/SHA512 Signature, key ID a14fe591: NOKEY
Public key for zabbix-agent-4.0.2-1.el7.x86_64.rpm is not installed
zabbix-agent-4.0.2-1.el7.x86_64.rpm                                         | 384 kB  00:00:01    
Retrieving key from file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-ZABBIX-A14FE591
Importing GPG key 0xA14FE591:
  Userid     : “Zabbix LLC <packager@zabbix.com>”
  Fingerprint: a184 8f53 52d0 22b9 471d 83d0 082a b56b a14f e591
  Package    : zabbix-release-4.0-1.el7.noarch (installed)
  From       : /etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-ZABBIX-A14FE591
Is this ok [y/N]: y
Running transaction check
Running transaction test
Transaction test succeeded
Running transaction
Warning: RPMDB altered outside of yum.
  Installing : zabbix-agent-4.0.2-1.el7.x86_64                                                 1/1
  Verifying  : zabbix-agent-4.0.2-1.el7.x86_64                                                 1/1

Installed:
  zabbix-agent.x86_64 0:4.0.2-1.el7                                                              

Complete!
[root@localhost ~]#

3、配置Zabbix Agent

完成安装后,开始配置zabbix_agentd.conf配置文件:

[root@localhost ~]# vi /etc/zabbix/zabbix_agentd.conf

主要完成以下几项的修改:

EnableRemoteCommands=1       //来至zabbix服务器的远程命令是否允许被执行
Server=192.168.10.208             //zabbix server地址,用于被动模式,数据获取
ServerActive=192.168.10.208    //主动发送的zabbix server地址,用于主动模式,数据提交
Hostname=localhost                  //和创建主机时的hostname一致
UnsafeUserParameters=1           //启用自定义key,zabbix监控mysql、tomcat等数据时需要自定义key

完成后保存退出。

4、启动Zabbix Agent

配置文件修改后,开始启动服务:

启动服务:

[root@localhost ~]# systemctl start zabbix-agent.service

添加开机启动功能:

[root@localhost ~]# systemctl enable zabbix-agent.service
Created symlink from /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/zabbix-agent.service to /usr/lib/systemd/system/zabbix-agent.service.

查看agent服务是否已启动:

[root@localhost ~]# ps -ef | grep zabbix
zabbix    2842     1  0 06:37 ?        00:00:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_agentd -c /etc/zabbix/zabbix_agentd.conf
zabbix    2843  2842  0 06:37 ?        00:00:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_agentd: collector [idle 1 sec]
zabbix    2844  2842  0 06:37 ?        00:00:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_agentd: listener #1 [waiting for connection]
zabbix    2845  2842  0 06:37 ?        00:00:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_agentd: listener #2 [waiting for connection]
zabbix    2846  2842  0 06:37 ?        00:00:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_agentd: listener #3 [waiting for connection]
zabbix    2847  2842  0 06:37 ?        00:00:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_agentd: active checks #1 [idle 1 sec]
root      2896  2435  0 06:38 pts/1    00:00:00 grep –color=auto zabbix
[root@localhost ~]#
[root@localhost ~]# ss -tnl | grep 10050
LISTEN     0      128          *:10050                    *:*                 
LISTEN     0      128         :::10050                   :::*                

如上,已发现agentd进程运行,并且10050端口已启动。

6、将主机添加至zabbix server平台

打开zabbix server主界面,选择“配置‘->”主机“,点击右上角的”创建“按扭,创建一台主机,如下图

agentinstall06

输入主机名称,群组选择系统默认的Server hardware,agent代理接口IP设置刚才安装agent的主机192.168.10.209,端口默认10050,如下图:

agentinstall07

再选择”模板“选项栏,链接指示器里选择”Template OS Linux“,点击添加,最后点击蓝底添加按扭,完成添加。

agentinstall08

完成后可以看到列表中已经有刚才不回的主机,过几分钟后,可用性一栏中的ZBX变绿即表示监控正常。

agentinstall09